Series 3 - Notebooks: Tasmania 1908-1910
Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford


Date Range September 1908 - June 1910
ProvenanceWestlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Description

This series comprises six notebooks in which Ernest Westlake recorded his rough notes dating from about the time of his departure from England on 24 September 1908 to his return there on 1 August 1910. The notebooks vary in length (from 48 pages to 161 Pages) and in size, but none, when opened are larger than an A4 page. Ernest Westlake numbered the pages in all his notebooks; all page number references are to those which he created.

Ernest Westlake's notes include places, names and other comments, and (in Notebooks 2-6) his interviews with ninety-five Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Tasmanians about Tasmanian Aboriginal history, culture and language. It is these interview notes, along with the correspondence in Series 2, that form (from an archivist's or historian's point of view) the most significant core of the papers relating to Ernest Westlake's Tasmanian Collection, as explained below. For that reason Series 2 and 3 have the most detailed levels of description.

Ernest Westlake's Aboriginal interviewees, whom Ernest Westlake called ‘half-castes', include the descendants of Fanny Cochrane Smith, predominantly of the D'Entrecasteaux Channel, and the Bass Strait Islanders.

His non-Aboriginal interviewees consisted of a range of people - publicans, politicians, famers and clergymen - from across the island. Many were elderly, and retained memories of settlement from childhood. Others had stories passed on to them from relatives who were born in, or came to, Tasmania early in its colonial history. While Ernest Westlake gives little or no information about his interviewees, some are well documented figures of the period. Ernest Westlake made further contacts through his interviews, with people recommended in the notes of one interview regularly appearing later as interviewees.

Ernest Westlake did not always date his interviews, nor keep a daily diary (although his regular letters to his children, Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, often indicate his location). Ernest Westlake did not write down his questions, but what he sought is clear from the answers he noted, for example: how did the Aborigines use and make their stone tools? How did they make fire? Did they climb trees, and how? What did they eat, and how did they cook it? What was their language?

Ernest Westlake never published his anthropological findings, but his notebooks offer some rare and important insights, not only into traditional Tasmanian Aboriginal culture, but also into Tasmania's history. Westlake's notes on language and stone tools - especially those taken from non-Aboriginal Tasmanians - are littered with historical references many of which still excite debate historians of Tasmania.

The interviews in the notebooks were edited by N. J. B. Plomley and published in 1991 as The Westlake Papers. Since Plomley edited Westlake's notes without indicating where he had excised the original, often substantially, The Westlake Papers do not offer a reliable source without reference to the original.

The notebooks in this series were numbered by Westlake. Where shown, folder and folio numbers in the 'Control' field under each item were assigned by Rebe Taylor in 2000.


Inventory Listing

Notebook 1
Tasmanian Notebook 1: September 1908 - November 1908
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A blue notebook with a label pasted on the cover: 'Tasmanian Notes 1 by E. Westlake'. It is 48 pages long and contains notes made by Ernest Westlake from his departure from England on 24 September 1908 to shortly after his arrival in Hobart on 13 November 1908. It includes his stops in Melbourne (where he met Baldwin Spencer) and Adelaide. The notes are undated and not in diary form. This notebook does not contain interview notes with any named source. There are many bibliographical references, comments on books and names of people and places.

These references include: Baldwin Spencer; Joseph Paxton Moir; John Watt Beattie; J. V. Cook; Mr. Bisdee; Fanny Cochrane Smith; sketches of stone implements; lists of Aboriginal stone quarries; and Tasmanian Aborigines climbing trees using carved toe-notches.

2 looseleaf folios were removed, from pages 1 and 37, of Notebook 1, by Rebe Taylor in 2000 and replaced with explanatory notes. The folios are at: [WEST00007, 'Loose items taken from Notebook 1', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control 1
Date range September 1908 - November 1908    Quantity 1 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks and Drawings
Inventory Identifier WEST00001 Box Number 1 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 3
Notebook 2
Tasmanian Notebook 2: November 1908 - January 1909
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A red notebook with a label pasted on the cover with the numeral 2 written on it. It is 60 pages long and mostly contains interview notes Ernest Westlake made with various non-Aboriginal Tasmanians from shortly after his arrival in Hobart on 13 November 1908 to late January 1909. Ernest Westlake has filled mostly only odd numbered pages from pages 1-25, and both sides for the remainder of the notebook. Pages 4-5 are currently missing from the images attached to this Guide; pages 57-59 [images 29-30] are blank in the original notebook.

Notebook 2 includes interview notes that can be loosely categorised into three groups:

1. The Reverend Henry Dresser Atkinson, 27 November 1908. This interview is dedicated almost entirely to his personal memories of Truganini.

2. Residents from various parts of eastern Tasmania who remember a range of ideas about Tasmanian Aboriginal culture and society, including: their avoidance of scale-fish; making fire; and use of various, tools and implements and natural materials.

They include:

Bernard Shaw, 28 November 1908
Mr Morosby, Pipe Clay Lagoon, 29 November 1908
Edward O. Cotton, Kelvedon Station, 8 December 1908
George H. Rayner, Woolpack, 7 January 1909

3. Residents from the D'Entrecasteaux Region who describe, sometimes in considerable detail, a wide range of ideas about Tasmanian Aboriginal culture and society including their foods, use of various tools and natural materials and making fire, as well lists of language words. Many of these memories are from the Aboriginal residents of Oyster Cove Aboriginal mission and include some named individuals and events.

These interviews include:

Mrs McGuire, 26 January 1909
Mrs. Alfred Hughes, Oyster Bay, 27, 29 and 30 January 1909 (the most lengthy interview)
Miss Hughes
Mrs Benbow (with some contributions by Mr Benbow), 27 January 1909
Mrs Ims, Kettering, 28 January 1909
Horace Watson, Kettering, 29 January 1909
Mr Pybus, Post Office, Kettering, 29 January 1909
Mr Blyth, Oyster Cove, 29 January 1909
Henry New, Little Oyster Cove, 29 January 1909

The final 7 pages of Notebook 2 include Ernest Westlake's rough research notes including detailed bibliographical references and names of people.

Further notes and cross references:

In the following notes, the references in square brackets that indicate only image and page numbers refer to: WEST00002, 'Notebook 2', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers.

In his interview notes with the Reverent Henry Dresser Atkinson, Ernest Westlake writes ‘The Rectory, Evandale’ (which is near Launceston): but it is doubtful that they spoke there [image missing in this Guide, page 5]. On 10 February 1909, Westlake wrote on a train en route to Launceston that it was the first time he had been across the island [image 22, WEST00022, Letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 20 February 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: December 1908 - April 1909', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].The following day (28 November 1908) Ernest spoke to Bernard Shaw, possibly in or near Hobart. It is unlikely he was back in time. It seems that they met while the Reverend Atkinson was visiting Hobart.

Other references by Ernest Westlake to the Reverend Henry Dresser Atkinson include: "Recollections of Truganini" by the Reverend Atkinson, The Rectory, Evandale 27 November 1908: [images 2-3, WEST00010, ‘Loose items taken from Notebook 6’, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers; notes entitled: 'Rev. Atkinson from 'Talks with a Naturalist', Church News, Hobart, April 1905, August 1' in: [images 2-9, WEST00320, 'Exercise Book 14', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers; images 58-56, WEST00011, letter to Ernest Westlake from the Reverend Atkinson, 24 May 1910, 'Correspondence from Priscilla Wells, John Watt Beattie, Fritz Noetling and others, papers relating to Westlake's arrival in Hobart, Tasmanian Aboriginal practices, stone tools, colonial encounters and Truganini: 1889 - 1911', Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers; A note to meet the Reverend Atkinson: image 24, WEST00001, 'Notebook 1', page 40, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Ernest Westlake's interview with the Reverend Atkinson is referred to in: Martin Flanagan, 2002: 173, 175.

Ernest Westlake describes his visit to Edward Cotton's Kelvedon Station in: [images 71-74, WEST00021, letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake 6 December 1908, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: September 1908 - December 1908', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers and images 2-7, WEST00022, letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake 12 December 1908, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: December 1908 - April 1909' , Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Joseph Paxton Moir describes his visit to Edward Cotton's property in Kelvedon in: [images 10-19, WEST00038, letter to Ernest Westlake, 14 January 1911, 'Correspondence from Joseph Paxton Moir to Ernest Westlake 1910 - 1911', Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Ernest Westlake notes a Tasmanian Aboriginal method for making fire from [W. H.] Twelvetrees who heard it from Edward O. Cotton: [image 19, WEST00004, 'Notebook 4', Series 3, page 32, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].
There is a description of making fire by Edward O. Cotton in Roth [1899: 83-84], and another, very similar description of fire making by George H. Rayner (added after the book went to print) in ‘Appendix H’, 1xxxxviii. These descriptions were sent to Roth by James Backhouse Walker in letters dated 10 June 1896 and 20 May 1898, 'XX Thirty-two letters from J. B. Walker', Roth Papers, the University of Manchester Museum.

Ernest Westlake includes several references to, and texts written by, George H. Rayner (including his description of fire making) in his ‘copies’ of John Watt Beattie’s notes: [images 2-8, 17, WEST00310, 'Exercise Book 4', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers and image 5, WEST00011, ‘Correspondence from Priscilla Wells, John Watt Beattie, Fritz Noetling and others’, Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers]. Most of these references are duplicated in the Roth Papers, University of Manchester Museum. For more detail see: WEST00310, ‘Exercise Book 4', 'Copies' of notes by John Watt Beattie and early Tasmanian colonial newspapers relating to Tasmanian Aborigines from 1828-1876’, Series 4, in Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy, Stories in Stone: an annotated history and guide to the collections and papers of Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2012.

Ernest Westlake describes meeting a man who was most likely George H. Rayner in: [images 11-15, WEST00022, letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 4 January 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: December 1908 - April 1909', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Ernest Westlake makes references to:

George H. Rayner in: [image 13, WEST00003, 'Notebook 3', page 20, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers and image 29, WEST00002, 'Notebook 2', page 56, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Horace Watson in: [image 13, WEST00003, 'Notebook 3,' page 21, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Alfred Hughes and Mrs Ims in: [image 25, WEST00003, 'Notebook 3', page 42, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control 2
Date range November 1908 - January 1909    Quantity 1 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00002 Box Number 1 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 3
Notebook 3
Tasmanian Notebook 3: November 1908 - February 1909
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A tan notebook with a label pasted on the cover with the numeral 3 written on it. It includes 96 pages filled on both sides with research and interview notes by Ernest Westlake dating from about late November 1908 to late February 1909.

During this time Ernest Westlake collected stone implements in eastern Tasmania and recorded interviews with people in, and around, Hobart, Launceston and on the Bass Strait Islands, including detailed notes from Aboriginal people. Notebook 4 continues with interviews on the Islands.

5 looseleaf folios were removed from Notebook 3, from pages 1, 67 and 93, by Rebe Taylor in 2000 and replaced with explanatory notes. The folios are in: [WEST00008, 'Loose items taken from Notebook 3', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Most of the notes in Notebook 3 are undated. It is from Westlake's letters to his children (cited below) that we can date Notebook 3 into 3 'parts':

1. When Westlake was in and around Hobart and eastern Tasmania from late November 1908 to early February 1909 [images 2-31; pages 1-54]. Many of the notes take the form of quite general information such as lists of contacts, places to visit and travel details. Westlake did not, for the most part, clearly indicate from whom many of these notes were sourced (some may not have been) other than an occasional, small ‘from’ preceding a name. The interview with J. J. Smith relates to water divining. A sticky label, applied by Westlake, marks his notes describing Plenty Quarry on page 38 [image 23].

2. When Westlake was in, or near, Launceston from 10 to 14 February [images 31-41; pages 54-73]. The interview notes here are usually more clearly named and include more personal memories and ideas about the Tasmanian Aborigines. This part also includes ‘Extracts of a letter to J B Walker from Edward Stephens 2 Oct 1899’ on pages 64-66 [images 36-37] .

3. When Westlake was on the Bass Strait Islands from roughly mid to late February 1909 [images 41-53; pages 73-96]. These interviews with the Aboriginal people (and Henry Beeton in particular) include the most detailed descriptions of their culture, language and history. Pages 93-96 [images 51-53] include Westlake’s rough notes, including bibliographical references. Westlake's Bass Strait notes and interviews continue in Notebook 4.

Some people listed below have several page numbers following their name as a way of indicating that Ernest Westlake recorded notes from them on different pages. Square brackets appear around those parts of names not recorded in the original.

Interviewees in ‘part 1’ include:

J. V. Cook [images 3, 26, 29; pp. 2, 44 (2 February 1909), 50]
Mr Green, Bellerive
Isaac Briggs
J. W. [John Watt] Beattie [images 13, 21, 24, 29; pp. 20, 34, 41, 51]
[Joseph Paxton] Moir [images 3, 24; pp. 2, 41]
S. T. Drake
Mr Chalmers
Mrs Nowells
[Ronald Worthy] Giblin
J. J. Smith, 18 January 1909
Mrs Hughes
Mrs Ims
[Dr. Fritz] Noetling

Interviews in ‘part 2' include:

H. H. Scott
The Reverend [C. G.] Wilkinson, 11 February 1909
Mrs Smith
Mrs [William Frederick] Petterd
Edward Stevens [Stephens]
J. W. Graves
Henry Buttons
Joseph Archer
The Honourable Thomas Reibey

Interviews in ‘part 3’:

Mrs Mansell,
Philip Thomas [images 41, 48; pp. 73, 87] 21 February 1909]
John Maynard Senior 18 February 1909
Henry Beeton [images 43-44, 47; pp. 76, 79, 84]
Mr [G. W] Knight [images 44, 49; pp. 78, 89]
Mrs Nancy Mansell
Mr Francis Archer
James Young
Mr Virieux
Fred Collis (this interview continues in Notebook 4)

Further notes and cross references:

In the following notes, the references in square brackets that indicate only image and page numbers refer to: WEST00003, 'Notebook 3', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers.

'Part 1' appears to date from late November 1908 to early February 1909: In a letter dated 22 November 1908 Westlake writes to his children that he ‘had some tea with the Briggs’, which is possibly when he took his interview notes from Isaac Briggs: [images 65-70, WEST00021, Letter to Margaret and Aubrey Westlake, 22 November 1908, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: September 1908 - December 1908', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Westlake’s letters of 23 December 1908 and 4 January 1909 are written from ‘Drake’s Farm’ (also known as ‘Tom Fiddler’s Ground’), Little Swanport River, east coast, Tasmania, so it possible he wrote interview notes from S. T. Drake during this time. His letter of 4 January 1909 was finished some weeks after it was begun, during which time Westlake wrote that he also visited [Ronald Worthy] Giblin5/14/2010 [images 8-17, WEST00022, letters to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 23 December 1908 and 4 January 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: December 1908 - April 1909 ', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

'Part 2' appears to date from 10 to 14 February 1909: Westlake wrote to his children on 10 February 1909 en route to Launceston and on 14 February 1909 while waiting to take the boat to Flinders Island in the Bass Strait. In this second letter Westlake states that he had met the Reverend C. G. Wilkinson on ‘Friday’ (that interview is dated 11 February) and the Honourable Thomas Reibey ‘yesterday’. Most of the other interviews in Launceston seem to date from this time: [images 22-27, WEST00022, letters to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 10 February 1909 and 14 February 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: December 1908 - April 1909', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

'Part 3' appears to date from about 15 February to a date before 27 February 1909. In an undated letter written on Flinders Island Westlake states he arrived 'last midnight' after 'many delays' (he had left Tasmania on 14 February). The same day as his arrival he wrote that he had met a man who had ‘seen his mother’ use stone implements. On the first page of interview notes in the Bass Strait, Westlake wrote: ‘P. T. Has seen sharp stones + bottles used by his mother’, suggesting that Westlake met Philip Thomas, and began his interviews on the islands, on or soon after 15 February 1909 [image 41, page 73]. Notebook 3 seems to end before Westlake’s next letter to his children written on 27 February 1909 when he is waiting to leave Flinders Island since his interviews on the Islands continue in Notebook 4: [images 28-37, WEST00022, Letters to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, undated, 23 February 1909 and 27 February 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: December 1908 - April 1909', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Westlake notes in an interview with J. V. Cook: 'It was sub-inspector Webster at Port Cygnet': [image 28, WEST00003, 'Notebook 3', page 49, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers.]

Westlake writes: 'From J. V. Cooke [sic] Subinspector Webster at Port Cygnet was the man who take [sic] down Fanny Smith answers to questions' : [image 55, WEST00004, 'Notebook 4', page 102, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Westlake’s note refers to 9 pages of notes by Westlake entitled: 'Interview with Fanny
Cchrane Smith at Port Cygnet. June 1898. Questions asked by sub-inspector Cook, and the replies written down by the Police Inspector of Port Cygnet' in: [images 9-13, WEST00310, 'Exercise Book 4', Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

A loose leaf page removed by Rebe Taylor in 2000 from 'Notebook 3' begins with the text: ‘Sub-inspector Webster at Port Cygnet told me': [images 5-6, WEST00008, 'Loose items taken from Notebook 3', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Following Mrs Hughes’ interview notes is the note by Westlake: ‘copied into red book’. Westlake is probably referring here to Notebook 2 which is red and in which are extensive notes from Mrs Hughes as well as notes from Mrs Ims and Mr Blighs [Blyth] (who are also mentioned on page 43): [image, 25, WEST00003,'Notebook 3', page 43, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers]. These interview notes were made in Notebook 2 in late January 1909, suggesting that the time-frames for notebooks 2 and 3 may overlap: [images 16-28, WEST00002, 'Notebook 2', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control 3
Date range c. 1908 - c. 1910    Quantity 1 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00003 Box Number 1 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 3
Notebook 4
Tasmanian Notebook 4: 1909-1910
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A notebook with a dark blue spine and a grey-blue cover from which some of the paper is partly torn. A label is pasted on the cover with the numeral 4 written on it. It includes 143 pages filled on both sides with interview and research notes by Ernest Westlake dating from late February 1909 to about April 1910. Page numbers 128-129 appear not to have been assigned.

3 looseleaf folios were removed, from pages 5, 23 and 143, by Rebe Taylor in 2000 replaced with explanatory notes on pages 8 and 143. The folios are in: [WEST00009, 'Loose items taken from Notebook 4', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Most of the notes in Notebook 4 are undated. It is from Westlake's letters to his children (cited below) that we can roughly divide the contents of Notebook 4 into 4 'parts':

1. When Westlake was on the Bass Strait Islands in late February 1909 [images 3-16; pages 2-27]. These are mostly interview notes, some with Aboriginal people, which include detailed information about Aboriginal culture, language and history. They are a continuation from Notebook 3.

2. When Westlake was in Launceston photographing the stone implement collection of the Reverend C. G. Wilkinson from about early March to late December 1909 [images 16-48; pages 27-89]. Some of these notes include interviews and references to Tasmanian Aborigines and there is a classification of Wilkinson's collection [image 41; page 75], but they mostly relate to other subjects including religion, health, apple growing and references to, and excerpts from, a large range of books. The notes from the Reverend H. [or D?] W. Atkinson [image 25; page 45] are dated 21 December 1908, but may have been written in this Notebook at a later date. The interview with Dr. J. A. Webster relates to Westlake's interest in psychical phenomena.

3. When Westlake was collecting stone implements in northern Tasmania from about late December 1909 to late January or early February 1910 [image 49-54; pages 90-101]. These notes mostly include interviews with residents of Port Sorell and Latrobe with detailed memories of Aborigines. There are brief interview notes from Mrs Holmes and William Thorne [image 53; page 98] whose reminiscences make up the contents of Notebook 5.

4. When Westlake was researching in, or near, Hobart from early February to early April 1910 [images 55-65; pages 102-122]. These are mostly interview notes; some lengthy, personal memories of Aborigines, and some detailed comments about stone implements. Sticky labels, applied by Westlake, mark his notes describing Mt Communication on [image 61] pages 114-115 and Kelvin Grove Quarry on [image 65] page 122.

It appears that Westlake may have filled the final pages of Notebook 4 [image 66-75; pages 124-143] at varying times from early 1909 to early 1910. They include research references headed 'D.R.' [Divining Rod] and 'S.P.R.' [Society of Pshychical Research], some reflective writing about the worship of women and his late wife (dated 7 June and 7 August 1909) and names of people related to the unpublished journals of George Augustus Robinson.

Some names listed below have several page numbers following their name as a way of indicating that Ernest Westlake recorded notes from them on different pages. Square brackets appear around those parts of names not recorded in Ernest Westlake's notes.

Interviewees in ‘part 1’ include:

Fred Collis
Mrs Collis
[Alfred] Henry Collis
William R. Allison, [images 6, 16; pp. 8, 26]
Harry Armstrong
Mrs. Armstrong
Henry Beeton, [images 10-12, 13-14; pp. 15-19, 20-22]
Miss Maynard

Interviewees in 'part 2' include:

The Revernd C. G. Wilkinson, [images 16, 17; pp. 27, 29]
The Reverend Smith
[W. H.] Twelvetrees, [mages 18, 19; pp. 30, 32]
A. J. Ridge
[William Frederick] Petterd
Dr. J. A. Webster, 6 July 1909
Frank Elmer

Interviewees in 'part 3' include:

Henry Gardam, 5 January 1910
William Williams, 11 January 1910
George Atkinson, 11 January 1910
William Thorne
Mrs Holmes

Interviewees in 'part 4' include:

J. V. Cook
[W. L.] Williamson
Horace Watson
Thomas Riley [images 57, 58, 60; pp. 107-108 (7 February 1910), 112]
Thomas Dunbabin
Benjamen Joseph, February 1910
Lewis May
[Joseph Paxton] Moir
[Dr. Fritz] Noetling

Further notes and cross references:

In the following notes, the references in square brackets that indicate only image and page numbers refer to: WEST00004, 'Notebook 4', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers.

'Part 1' appears to date from about 27 February to before 14 March 1909. Westlake's last dated interview on the Bass Strait Islands is with Philip Thomas on 21 February 1909: [image 48, WEST00003, 'Notebook 3', page 87, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers]. This interview is followed by several undated interviews that end with Fred Collis, whose interview is continued in 'Notebook 4': [images 3-5, pages 2-7. Reference from 'Notebook 3': [images 49-54, WEST00003, 'Notebook 3', pages 88-96, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Westlake's final letter from the Bass Strait is dated 27 February 1909 from Flinders Island, where he writes he is weather-bound in the post office where the postmaster remembered 'an instrument' used by the 'halfcastes' for 'crushing lice in the hair' [image 34, WEST00022, letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 27 February 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: December 1908 - April 1909', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers]. Westlake is probably referring to Fred Collis, although (according to Westlake's notes) it was Mrs Collis who describes a stick for 'crushing lice' [images 4-5, pages 5-6].

Westlake's subsequent letter, written in Launceston on 14 March 1909, describes having spent more than three nights with William R. Allison at Tanners Bay, Flinders Island before taking over a day to reach Launceston [images 38-45, WEST00022, Letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 14 March 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: December 1908 - April 1909', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

'Part 2' appears to date from about 14 March 1909 to about 7 December 1909, the dates of Westlake's first and last letters written to his children in Launceston while he was engaged with his photography project. The letters within this period describe his photography project, but mostly refer to a wide range of ideas, reflecting the many subjects referred to in this part of Notebook 4: [images 38-64, WEST00022, letters to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 14 March 1909-27 April 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: December 1908 - April 1909', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers; images 1-84, WEST00023, letters to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 2 May 1909-19 September 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: May 1909 - September 1909', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers; and images 2-63, WEST00024, letters to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 24 September 1909 -7 December 1909, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: September 1909 - February 1910', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Ronald Hutton [1999, 163-166] references 5 of Ernest Westlake’s letters to Margaret and Aubrey Westlake from 11 May to 19 September 1909 to find that Ernest Westlake was, at this time, in the throws of a conversion to heterodoxy’. [For more detail on this cross reference, and for further information about Westlake's photographic project, see WEST00023, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: May 1909 - September 1909', Series 2, and 'Photographs - Classified Tasmanian Stone Implements (mounted)', Series 8, in Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy, Stories in Stone: an annotated history and guide to the collections and papers of Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2012].

'Part 3' appears to date from 25 December 1909 to early February 1910. In a letter of 25 December Westlake writes he is going collecting stone implements on the north coast near Devonport, where he writes again on 15 January 1910 [images 4-6, WEST00338, letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 25 December 1909, 'Tasmanian Collection: Related Documents. 1934.83 - 86, part 2', Westlake Collection Related Documents File 1934.83-86, Series 13, Pitt Rivers Museum; and images 71-75, WEST00024, letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake 15 January 1910, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: September 1909 - February 1910', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

On 21 January 1910 Westlake writes that he is on a train to Launceston, from where he will journey on to Hobart [images 76-78, WEST00024, letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake 21 January 1910, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: September 1909 - February 1910', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers]. The brief interview notes with Mrs Holmes and William Thorne [image 53, page 98] may have been made at about the same time that Westlake wrote Notebook 5 which is filled solely with notes by Mrs Holmes, transcribed in January 1910, and interview notes with William Thorne made on 1 February 1910 [WEST00005, 'Notebook 5', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

'Part 4' appears to date from about early February to late March or early April 1910. On 7 February 1910 Westlake writes from Hobart that he is off 'tomorrow' to see a 90-year-old man. This may have been Thomas Riley whom he notes is 90 [image 57; page 107], although he dates this interview as 7 (not 8) February 1910. On 14 February 1910 Westlake writes that he has recently spent 4 days with the Dunbabin family; on 20 February he states he is staying with Lewis May: [images 79-84, WEST00024, Letters to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 7 February 1910 - 20 February 1910, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: September 1909 - February 1910', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

On 6 April Westlake writes that he is soon going to Mole Creek: [images 27-29, WEST00025, Letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 6 April 1910, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: February 1910 - October 1910', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers]. An interview in Notebook 6 is headed 'from Mrs Charles Walters Alum Cliff Farm Mole Creek, April 13 1910', indicating that Notebook 4 possibly ends sometime before this date. (Notebook 6 follows Notebook 4 chronologically; Notebook 5 solely contains notes from Mrs Holmes and William Thorne [see above]). [Image 5,WEST00006,' Notebook 6', Series 3, page 7, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Westlake writes [image 17, page 29]: 'A doctor met by Wilkinson in the BM [British Museum] said that W's Tas [Tasmanian] stones were just like what he was finding in the S. [South] coast of France (Read of BM knows him) in 1901'. There is correspondence between the Reverend C. G. Wilkinson and Charles H. Read, Keeper of the British Museum, from 1901 held in the Prehistory and Europe Archives in the British Museum (although none refer to the South Coast of France).

These letters include:

Letter to Charles H Read from T. Stephens, University of Tasmania, Hobart, 26 April 1901 [introducing the Reverend C. G. Wilkinson]

Letter to 'Sir' [Charles H. Read] from C. G. Wilkinson, 18 April 1901

Letter to the Reverend C. G. Wilksinson from Charles Read, 30 May 1901

Letter to Henry Balfour of the Pitt Rivers Museum from Charles H. Read 26 June 1906 [enclosing some of Wilkinson's stone artefacts]

Letter to Charles H. Read from Henry Balfour, 26 June 1906 [acknowledging the Wilkinson artefacts]

There is also letter to the Director of the British Museum from H. H. Scott, Curator, Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Launceston, 19 June 1935 describing the Wilkinson Collection of stone implements held in his museum and enclosing some of Wilkinson's ‘chipped flakes’. This is in parcel 56, 1935, Q-Z, the Department of Anthropology Archives, British Museum.

There are over 60 stone implements donated by the Reverend C. G. Wilkinson in the British Museum's register.

Westlake's notes from the Reverend H. W. Atkinson have a 'D?' [image 25, page 45] placed under the H in the original. This may not be the Reverend Henry Dresser Atkinson whom Westlake had earlier interviewed (see further notes and cross references for Notebook 2). Henry Dresser's son, Henry Brune was also a clergyman when Ernest Westlake was in Tasmania.

Westlake writes [image 55, page 102]: 'From J. V. Cooke [sic] Subinspector Webster at Port Cygnet was the man who take [sic] down Fanny Smith answers to questions'. For more detailed information, see: WEST00003, ‘Notebook 3November 1908 - February 1909’, Series 3, in Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy, Stories in Stone: an annotated history and guide to the collections and papers of Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2012.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control 4
Date range 1909 - 1910    Quantity 1 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00004 Box Number 1 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 3
Notebook 5
Tasmanian Notebook 5: January 1910 - February 1910
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A black notebook with a label is pasted on the cover with the numeral 5 written on it. It includes 55 numbered pages with notes written by Ernest Westlake from about mid-January to 1 February 1910. The remaining pages, about a third to a half of the notebook, are unnumbered and blank.

These notes [images 4-24, pages 4-45] mostly comprise of a transcribed manuscript headed: 'From Wm. Thorne, Morriston, Carlton. (notes made by his daughter, Mrs. Holmes)'.

These notes have various anthropological headings including: tribes, food, hunting, marriage, dances, feasts, camps, travel and dogs. It appears that Westlake has copied Mrs Holme's notes on alternate (lefthand) pages, and added some related notes and comments on the opposite page, possibly made in reflection, or in conversation with Mrs Holmes and/or William Thorne.

These notes also include Westlake's interview notes with Mrs Holmes and William Thorne:
Page 2 [image 3] is headed 'From Mrs. Holmes, State School Mistress, Devonport, January 1910' and includes genealogical information about Samuel and Robert Thorne.
Page 46 [image 25] is headed: 'from Wm. Thorne, Post Office, Carlton, 1 Feb 1910' and is followed [image 26-29, pages 47-55] by interview notes that include personal ideas about, and memories of: the Tasmanian Aborigines; frontier violence and the Black Line; Aboriginal men named ‘Black Tom, Jack and Teg’; a wide range of cultural information about Aboriginal foods, weapons, fire making, use of dogs and camp life. Westlake has made these notes on both sides of the pages.

Further notes and cross references:

In the following notes, the references in square brackets that indicate only image and page numbers refer to: WEST00005,' Notebook 5', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers.

In a letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake of 15 January 1910 Westlake writes from near Devonport: 'I have heard today from the school-teacher here that her father’s father grew up with some of the Blacks and that he knows a lot about them - even about their use of stone. She has leant me MS [manuscript] notes she has made of what he says’. These may have been the notes by Mrs Holmes in pages 4-45 [images 4-24] in Notebook 5. Mistakenly giving William Thorne his daughter's married name, Westlake also writes in this same letter: 'Mr Holmes (the father) lives at Carlton River, a place I have been going to visit anyhow. It is quite exciting to meet with a man who can give a lot of information - even tho. it be second hand’: [images 71-72, WEST00024, Letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake, 15 January 1910, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: September 1909 - February 1910', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

There are brief interview notes from Mrs Holmes and William Thorne in: [image 53, WEST00004,' Notebook 4', Series 3, page 98, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control 5
Date range c. 1910    Quantity 1 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00005 Box Number 1 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 3
Notebook 6
Tasmanian Notebook 6: mid April to late June 1910
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A black notebook with a label pasted on the front with the numeral 6 written on it. It includes 161 numbered pages with notes, mostly on both sides of the pages, made by Ernest Westlake from mid-April 1910 to about late June 1910. These notes mostly comprise interviews with residents in the Channel region south east of Hobart, including the descendants of Fanny Cochrane Smith. Pages 141-154 are numbered but blank.

Ernest Westlake recorded the dates and locations of many of his interview notes. In the case of Robert Harvey, image and page numbers indicate that Ernest Westlake interviewed him at two different times. Square brackets appear around those parts of names not recorded in the original.

Notebook 6 follows chronologically from WEST00004, 'Notebook 4', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers. (WEST00005,' Notebook 5', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers comprises solely of transcribed and interview notes from Mrs Holmes and William Thorne made from about mid-January to 1 February 1910.)

Notebook 6 can be loosely divided into the following 4 sections:

1. Interviews with residents in the northwest of Tasmania:

Mrs Charles Walters, Alum Cliff Farm, Mole Creek, 13 April 1910
Edward James Elmer, Westbury, 14 April 1910
[The Reverend C. G.] Wilkinson [undated; located in Launceston]
These interviews include mostly personal memories of the Tasmanian Aborigines, ideas about their cultural practices and frontier violence. They follow an annotated list of quarry sites, a ‘copied’ list of ‘native words’ from John Maynard Senior and details on apple growing.

2. Interviews with residents on Bruny Island, Huonville and Lovett (now Cygnet) from late April to late May 1910 including:

Hannah Giblin, South Bruny
Ridley Walker, South Bruny
Mr and Mrs George Davis, North Bruny
Mrs Hughes Kettering, 9 and 19 May 1910
Mrs Ims Kettering, 10 May 1910
Charles Oates Huonville, 11 May 1910
John Skinner, 11 May 1910
[Mr] Walton Huonville, 11 May 1910
Mrs Elmer Huonville, 11 May 1910
Osborn Geeves, Hospital Bay, 12 May 1910
Robert Harvey, Storekeeper, May [images 28, 48-51; pages 52 and 91-97]
Mrs Batge, Wattle Grove Post Office, 17 May 1910
Mr Henry Thomas Lovett, 17 May 1910
Robert Harvey, Store keeper, Lovett, 18 May 1910
Mrs (nee Eliza Ferguson) Brownlow, Lovett, 18 May 1910
James Galagher
Mrs Bones
Henry T. Denne, Kelly’s Pt. North Bruny, May 1910
Mrs M A Denne Storekeeper, Barnes Bay
Mrs Pybus
Joseph Hunter Pybus

These interviews mostly include memories of the residents of Aborigines who lived in the Government mission at Oyster Cove from 1847 - 1876, with the exception of Mr and Mrs George whose interview includes very detailed memories of the original inhabitants of Bruny Island (including their medical, cooking, hunting and building practices, marriage ceremonies, fire mythology and mistreatment by Sawyers); and also Robert Harvey, whose second interview includes detailed and sympathetic memories of Fanny Cochrane Smith.

3. Interviews with seven of the eleven children and one grandchild of Fanny Smith (nee Cochrane), mostly in Nicholls Rivulet (formerly ‘Irishtown’) May 1910.

Note: Ernest Westlake interviewed some people twice, which he usually indicated with the heading ‘2nd series’.

Tasman Smith including ‘2nd series’, both undated
William Smith
Mary Miller
Joseph Smith
Flora Stanton including ‘2nd series’, 15 May 1910
Frederick Smith, 15 May 1910, 2nd series, 16 May 1910
Augustus Smith (grandson of Fanny Smith)
Sarah Miller including ‘2nd series’. Both interviews were in Hobart in late May 1910.

These interviews contain detailed information about plant foods, fire making, hunting practices, Aboriginal language and memories of Fanny Smith as well as descriptions of some spiritual practices.

The digital images of the pages featuring the interviews with Fanny Smith’s children and grandchild are not available as part of the digitised pages of Notebook 6. If you wish to view these pages it is necessary to consult with the Smith family community. The eScholarship Research Centre can assist with this process: http://esrc.unimelb.edu.au/contact-us

4. Interviews with residents in, or near, Hobart in late May 1910 including:

Joseph Harvey, Princes Wharf, Hobart, 23 May 1910
J. V. Cook
Mrs Knowles ‘(Late Dandridge)’

These interviews are mostly brief; the interview with Mrs Knowles includes memories of Truganini, William Lanne and Bessie.

With the exception of the references to Kearney’s Bogs and Syndall quarries (marked by a sticky label on page 130 [image 68]), the remaining pages of Notebook 6 comprise notes made by Westlake en route from Tasmania to England from mid to late June 1910. These include dated lists of letters sent, notes taken in Melbourne Library, and an interview with George S. Steward in Cape Colony.

Further notes and cross references:

In the following notes, the references in square brackets that indicate only image and/or page numbers refer to:WEST00006,' Notebook 6', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers.

Page 5 [image 4] headed: '"Native words" from John Maynard Snr [copied from note of Feb. 18 1909]’. The original list is in: [image 42, WEST00003, 'Notebook 3', Series 3, page 75, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Westlake’s interview notes with Hannah Giblin include the story of how her mother obtained a lock of hair from either Wooreddy (here spelt ‘Woolreddy’) or Mannalargenna (here spelt ‘Manalagana’); although she was ‘almost sure’ it was the latter. Westlake notes [image 7, page 10] that ‘Some of the hair went to the College of Surgeons and some to Ling Roth thro. J. B. Walker’. James Backhouse Walker mentions his efforts to obtain a lock of Tasmanian Aboriginal hair in letters to Henry Ling Roth dated 10 June 1896, 15 June 1896, and 3 October 1897. In a letter of 20 May 1898, James Backhouse Walker writes: ‘I am afraid the hair I sent you would not be of much use, but the lock was so tangled and matted with ochre that it was impossible to extract any long hairs’. These letters are included in 'XX Thirty-two letters from J. B. Walker', Roth Papers, the University of Manchester Museum.

A sketch on page [image 10] may be of a lock of twisted hair.

Page 131 [image 68] is headed: ‘The Flint Quarry, Kearney’s Bogs (Historic)’. Westlake describes visiting this quarry in: [images 71-79, WEST00025, Letter to Aubrey and Margaret Westlake on 8 June 1910, 'Correspondence from Ernest Westlake: February 1910 - October 1910', Series 2, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers. He recorded notes about how a 'detachment' of Mr Gilbert Roberston's party kept watch over a 'native flint quarry' at Kearney's Bogs, Oatlands in 1829: [images 12-13, WEST00316, Series 4, Exercise Book 10, ‘Colonial Government records relating to the Tasmanian Aborigines Vol. 7’, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Westlake records some notes from Julius T. Pym on page 135 [image 70]. A greeting card with that name is in: [images 4-5, WEST00009, ‘Loose items removed from Notebook 4’, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control 6
Date range April 1910 - June 1910    Quantity 1 cm, 1 volume
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier WEST00006 Box Number 1 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 3
Loose items taken from Notebook 1
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A manila folder entitled: 'Westlake Collection Box 1, Folder 1a, folios 1 a and 37a taken from Notebook 1'. Rebe Taylor named this folder in 2000 and numbered the loose leaf folios in relation to the page numbers of Notebook 1 from which they had been removed.
[WEST00001, 'Notebook 1', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

These 2 loose leaf pages include a page headed 'Mindon House School, Cholchester' and an empty envelope with notes made in pencil by Westlake about a stone quarry.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder 1a, Folios 1a and 37a
Date range 1908    Quantity 0.2 cm, 1 folder
Formats Loose Notes
Inventory Identifier WEST00007 Box Number 1 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 3
Loose items taken from Notebook 3
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A manila folder entitled: 'Westlake Collection Box 1, Folder 2a, folios 1a, 1b, 67a, 67b, 93a, taken from Notebook 3'. Rebe Taylor named this folder in 2000 and numbered the loose leaf folios in relation to the page numbers of Notebook 3 from which they had been removed. [WEST00003, 'Notebook 3', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

These 5 loose leaf pages include notes made by Westlake about Tasmanian 'tribal wars' from Sub-Inspector Webster, 2 pages with 'P & O. S. N. Company' letter head that list Tasmanian place names and another page with place names, most of which are circled.

Further notes and cross references:

This folder also includes a note written by Rebe Taylor in 2000 that states 'Note on folio, Verso 67a and folio 67b. The vol. number III refers to Westlake's notebook number 3 - the other numbers are page numbers where more details are given on these places'. The Roman numeral I on the top of folio 67a refers to Notebook 1 and the listed Arabic numbers to page numbers therein. These page numbers do correctly refer to page numbers in Notebooks 1 and 3 [WEST00001,' Notebook 1', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers; note reference for Notebook 3 above].

There are 9 pages of notes by Westlake entitled: 'Interview with Fanny Cochrane Smith at Port Cygnet. June 1898. Questions asked by sub-inspector Cook, and the replies written down by the Police Inspector of Port Cygnet': [images 9-13, WEST00310, 'Exercise Book 4' ,Series 4, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers]. For more detailed information, see: [WEST00003, ‘Notebook 3’, Series 3, in Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy, Stories in Stone: an annotated history and guide to the collections and papers of Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2012.]

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder 2a, Folios 1a, 1b, 67a, 67b, 93a
Date range 1908 - 1909    Quantity 0.2 cm, 1 folder
Formats News Clippings and Loose Notes
Inventory Identifier WEST00008 Box Number 1 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 3
Loose items taken from Notebook 4
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A manila folder entitled: 'Westlake Collection Box 1, Folder 3a, folios 5a, 23a, 143a taken from fieldnotes - notebook 4'. Rebe Taylor named this folder in 2000 and numbered the loose leaf folios in relation to the page numbers of Notebook 4 from which they had been removed. [WEST00004, 'Notebook 4', Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

These 5 loose leaf pages contain notes made by Westlake, including a list of anthropological subjects and, on the reversve, questions possibly for an interview; and a small greeting card with the printed name: "Mr. Julius T. Pym" and note headed 'D.R.' and referring to the Diving Rod.

Further notes and cross references:

Ernest Westlake’s questions on folio 5a verso appear to be in preparation for an interview with a female descendant of Fanny Cochrane Smith as they refer to ideas and details that appear in several of those interviews, including: 'has she ever been at a C.W?' [possibly for 'Crackne Werowa' which is also noted on this page and was, according to other interviews; a spirit that appeared at séances]; watching the stars; and the 'two cats' corroboree song. [See interviews with descendants of Fanny Cochrane Smith from May 1910: [images 29-42, 60-65, 67-68, WEST0006, Series 3, Notebook 6, pages 54-80, 114-125, 129-130, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Westlake records some notes from Julius T. Pym on: [image 70,WEST00006,' Notebook 6', Series 3, page 135, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

There are bibliographical references headed 'D. R.' [divining rod] in: [images 66, 68, WEST00004,' Notebook 4', Series 3, pages 124, 130, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder 3a, Folios 5a, 23a, 143a
Date range c. 1909 - c. 1910    Quantity 0.2 cm, 1 folder
Formats Loose Notes
Inventory Identifier WEST00009 Box Number 1 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 3
Loose items taken from Notebook 6
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A manila folder entitled: 'Westlake Collection Box 1, Folder 4a, 3 loose leaf folios 81a, 81b, 81c from Notebook 6 (from between the folio (page) numbers 80-81)'. Rebe Taylor named this folder in 2000 and numbered the loose leaf folios in relation to the page numbers of Notebook 6 from which they had been removed. [WEST0006, Series 3, Notebook 6, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

These 3 loose leaf pages include a page of notes by Ernest Westlake entitled "Recollections of Truganini" by Rev. H. B. Atkinson, BA, The Rectory, Evandale, Nov. 27 1908; and a letter to Ernest Westlake from Edward Stephens, 5 February 1909 that refers to the Furneaux Islands, Mrs Everett, Bishop Montgomery, Sir P. O. Fysh and James Backhouse Walker.

Further notes and cross references:

Ernest Westlake’s interview notes with the Reverend Henry Dresser Atkinson are in: [images 2-4, 10-12, WEST00002, 'Notebook 2', Series 3, pages 1-7, 19-23, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers]. For other references to the Reverend Henry Dresser Atkinson see: WEST00002, ‘Notebook 2: November 1908 - January 1909’, Series 3, in Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy, Stories in Stone: an annotated history and guide to the collections and papers of Ernest Westlake (1855-1922), The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre, 2012.

Westlake writes: 'Stephens (of Cape Barren I) School master now in Launceston . . . knows all about the halfcastes': [image 26, WEST00003, 'Notebook 3', page 43, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

In his letter to Ernest Westlake, Edward Stephens explains that he had written a history 'of the islands' at Bishop Montgomery's request, and that this history would be published 25 years after being written. Stephens had also: 'supplied photos of a larger work. But Mr Dobson our Agent General wrote me a little before his death that although Sir P. O. Fysh said he had it and left it in the Tasmanian Agency Office in London he - Mr Dobson - could not find it - but would institute a rigid search again'.

Westlake writes: 'Sir P.O. Fysh said he had left it in the Colonial office in England. Dobson said he would make another search, but he was drownded [sic]': [image 36, WEST00003, 'Notebook 3', page 64, Series 3, Pitt Rivers Museum Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers].

Stephens, Edward William, 1889: The Furneaux Island' [unpublished manuscript] is held in The Royal Society of Tasmania archival collections, University of Tasmania.

Creator Westlake, Ernest (1855-1922)
Control Folder 4a, Folios 81a, 81b, 81c
Date range 1908 - 1910    Quantity 0.2 cm, 1 folder
Formats General Correspondence, News Clippings and Loose Notes
Inventory Identifier WEST00010 Box Number 1 Location Pitt Rivers Museum: Manuscript Collections, Westlake Papers Series 3

Published by the The University of Melbourne eScholarship Research Centre and the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, August 2010
Listed by Rebe Taylor, with Michael Jones and Gavan McCarthy
HTML edition
Updated 14 February 2017
http://web.esrc.unimelb.edu.au/WEST/WESS03.htm

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